Accession Number: 80
Ancil Gatliff Collection, 1887-1988
Bulk Dates, 1889-1901
3.2 Linear Feet
Series I - Personal
Series II - Williamsburg
Institute, Cumberland College
Series III - Boyd Correspondence
Series IV - Magazine
Articles- Gatliff Correspondence
Access and Use:
Provenance: The papers of Dr. Ancil Gatliff were
placed in the Berea College Southern Appalachian Archives as a
gift by Chester Young on June 25, 1996, and were open for research
in June of 2000.
Preferred Citation: The Ancil Gatliff Papers, Berea
College Special Collections & Archives, Berea, Ky.
These papers include extensive correspondence from the early
20th century (especially with J.L. Boyd of Procter Coal Company),
stories and biographical information about Dr. Gatliff, a picture
of his wife, and other family information. There are also miscellaneous
records of Williamsburg Institute/Cumberland College.
Dr. Ancil Gatliff, a highly successful Kentucky physician, businessman,
and civic leader; and substantial underwriter of Williamsburg Institute/Cumberland
College, was born January 2, 1850 on a farm in Whitley County near
Watts Creek. His parents were John Speed Gatliff and Luvisa Jones
He was educated in the county schools and secured his medical
training at the Louisville Medical College. He became an outstanding
physician, and was especially successful in treating pneumonia.
On October 26, 1876 he journeyed by horseback to Bell County, where
he married Miss Florida Ellen Moss. They had five children; Ruby
Gatliff Archer, Pearl Gatliff Perkins, Una Gatliff Mahan, Mr. J.B.
Gatliff, and Mr. E.M. Gatliff.
Dr. Gatliff was founder and first president of the Kentucky Baptist
Educational Society, giving 4,000 acres of land to the organization
at the General Association of Kentucky Baptists in Richmond, Kentucky
Gatliff had a deep love and devotion to Cumberland College. It has
been estimated that his financial aid to the college approximated
$100,000. He built the Gatliff Gymnasium in 1911, which now has become
the library. He not only loved the material plant of the college,
but he loved the students and helped many financially through school.
In 1915, Kentucky Baptists in session at Jellico, representing
240,000 members, called him to serve as moderator, the chief place
of honor and leadership of the denomination.
Politicians also sought him; on several occasions the Democrats
of the state would have given him the gubernatorial nomination,
but he declined.
At the time of his death on October 14, 1918, Gatliff was the
president of the Southern Coal and Coke Company, Southern Mining
Company, Gatliff Coal Company, and High Splint Coal Company. He
was also president of the Bank of Williamsburg, and Chairman of
the Board of Trustees at Cumberland College.
8 Manuscript Boxes
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