Hutchins Library
Special Collections & Archives
Guide to the Southern Regional Council Project Collection

Accession Number: 55
The Southern Regional Council Project Collection
Papers, 1954
1 small ms. box
.2 linear feet
Online Catalog Record (BANC)

Box List

Access and Use

Provenance: The collection was given to Berea College by Dr. Robert Menefee. There are no restrictions on the collection other than federal copyright regulations.

Preferred Citation: The Southern Regional Council Project on Desegregation in Appalachia, Berea College Special Collections & Archives, Berea, Ky.


The collection consists primarily of documents Robert Menefee used to plan and carry out a survey of Appalachian attitudes towards school desegregation in the summer of 1954, together with related Southern Regional Council (SRC) correspondence before, during, and after the project. The files contain the observations Menefee made at the time of the survey, as well as reports of local attitudes observed the previous year by an SRC executive, William Vastine. Both Menefee's draft of his final report to the SRC and the published version are included.


In 1954 the Southern Regional Council (SRC) contacted Berea College professor of sociology Roscoe Giffin, proposing that he survey attitudes in southern Appalachia about the U. S. Supreme Court's recent desegregation decision, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. Giffin declined but recommended a Berea colleague in the Economics and Business department, Robert Menefee. Giffin's recommendation was accepted, and Menefee was invited to work for the SRC for two months, July 12 to September 12. Travelling in the mountain regions of North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, he spoke with a total of 218 people in 29 Appalachian counties about public school desegregation. Menefee submitted his report in October, 1954. It was immediately accepted and comprised the October 1954 (Vol. 9, No. 10) issue of the SCR’s New South, entitled "The Supreme Court Decision and the Appalachian South."

Box List
1 Manuscript Box

Box 1

  1. General Information
  2. General Correspondence, July-August 1954
  3. Correspondence, May-December 1954
  4. Lists of Contact Persons
  5. Lists of Places Visited and Itinerary
  6. Maps
  7. Draft of New South Article and the published version\
  8. Personal Notes and Impressions
  9. SRC Publications 1954
  10. Statistics and County Information
  11. Vastine Report 1953
  12. Weekly Reports July 10-September 8, 1954

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