Accession Number: 42
Pine Mountain Settlement School Records, 1911-1983
Selected Photographs, 1864-1984
Part A - Selected Records
Series I -
Minutes and Reports, 1913-1983
Series II - Director's
Office Files, 1911-1949
A - Correspondence, 1916-1949
B - Subject Files, 1911-1949
Series III - Student
Records, c. 1919-1949
Series IV - Library
Part B - Selected Photographs
Part A: Description of the
Selected Records 1911-1983
The Pine Mountain Settlement School Records consists of the extant,
non-current records of that institution dating from its founding
in 1913 to 1983. While every
year is documented to a certain extent, the strength of the collection lies in
the information for the years 1916-1949. Documentation of the founding period
and program under the direction of Katherine Pettit and Ethel DeLong Zande (1913-30)
is found primarily in the correspondence files and financial records. Official
meeting minutes and reports are also included in the collection, but there are
gaps in the record, especially for the years 1920-29. The letters, newspaper
clippings and publications found in the library files (Series
the historical record for the first 15 years of the school.
The most comprehensive record is that detailing the school during the Glyn Morris
era (1930-42) and up to the closing of the boarding high school in 1949. Board
and staff meeting minutes and reports, audit reports, correspondence, statements
of philosophy and policy, and student records, all serve to detail an unusual
educational program. Pine Mountain not only offered academic and vocational courses
but also provided work opportunities that stressed good citizenship and community
service. The record also traces the school's efforts toward providing health
and medical care to area residents through documentation of the medical settlement
at Line Fork and Big Laurel.
The community school years (1949-72) are well documented in the meeting minutes
and reports of the Board of Trustees (Series I).
These programs are not covered by administrative files for that period. Unfortunately,
most of these records
were lost in a fire at the school in 1983. The Library Files (Series
support documentation for the minutes and reports in the form of newspaper clippings
and publications generated by the school.
Series Description of Selected Records
||Board Minutes and Reports, 1913-1983
||Microfilm Reel 70
This series is comprised of the official documentation of the Board of Trustees
collected in 1983 from the Pine Mountain Settlement School and also from Willis
D. Weatherford, chairman of the PMSS Board. The record dating from 1949 to 1983
is of particular importance since it is the most comprehensive file in the collection
documenting the administrations of Burton Rogers (1949-73) and Alvin Boggs (1973-83).
The series is arranged chronologically and includes minutes, director's and treasurer's
reports, meeting notices, and staff reports.
||Directors Office Files, 1911-1949
||Microfilm Reels 44-96
This series is divided into two subseries and consists of extant administrative
files of PMSS directors:
- Katherine Pettit, 1913-1930
- Ethel DeLong Zande, 1913-1928
- Angela Melville, Associate Director 1928-1930
- Hubert Hadley, 1930-1931
- Evelyn K. Wells, Acting Director 1931
- Glyn Morris, 1931-1942
- Arthur Dodd, Acting Director 1942
- William Webb, 1942-1944
- H.R.S. Benjamin, 1944-1949
||Student Records, 1919-1949
||Microfilm Reels 5-43
This series consists of the extant PMSS student records. It is by no means a
complete record, especially for the years prior to 1930. There are a few instances
where the record dates 1913-18 or post-1940, but such papers, usually in the
form of correspondence, are few and negligible to the overall emphasis of the
file. The record is divided into three groupings:
For the most part, the individual student file is not located in more than one
chronological grouping, but the researcher should check all three when searching
for a particular name, especially if the student attended Pine Mountain Settlement
School ca 1925-30.
- Students, ca 1919-30 (approximately 6 cubic feet)
- Students, A-Z, ca 1930-49 (approximately 19 cubic feet)
- Miscellaneous Student Files, ca 1928-47 (1 cubic foot)
||Subject Files, 1911-1983
||Microfilm Reels 1-4
The PMSS library houses a particularly rich collection of
documents, papers, letters and printed material (approximately
4 cubic feet).
A significant portion of this is in the form of publications.
This series also contains personal letters by staff members, members
of the Creech family; and a great number of other former workers
and students. This correspondence covers the period 1911-40 and
provides a wealth of anecdotal history of the founding and early
history of the PMSS.
Documents relating to academic projects, programs, and industrial arts courses
are included, as well as a proposed project for emotionally disturbed children.
Student activities, ballads sung in school programs, and a student survey of
religious attitudes are also documented.
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Mountain Settlement School Records