Hutchins Library
Special Collections & Archives
Guide to the G.R. Combs Ballad Collection
 

Asscession Number: SAA 105
G.R. Combs Ballad Collection
Bulk, 1907-1930
.4 linear ft.

Overview
Biography
Series Description
Series I - The Ballad Collection
Series II - Religious Songs
Series III - Documents by and about G.R. Combs

Access and Use

Provenance: These song and ballad texts were collected by Berea alumnus Gilbert Reynolds Combs and donated to Berea College by his daughter-in-law, Mrs. William P. Combs, in 1989.

Preferred Citation: G.R. Combs Ballad Collection, Berea College Special Collections & Archives, Berea, Ky.

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John F. Smith Traditional Music Collection, 1915-1940, SAA 5
Talitha Ethel Powell McClure Ballad Collection, 1915-1980, SAA 32
Katherine Jackson French Ballad Collection, SAA 4

Overview

Gilbert R. Combs (1886-1966) compiled his collection of songs and ballads in part from those he heard growing up in Eastern Kentucky, and also from his acquaintance with gospel music and spirituals from several southern states. The collection includes some biographical notes covering Combs' early life, and his own recollections of his early childhood and description of traditional songs in mountain settings.

Biography

The Rev. Gilbert Reynolds Combs, according to his own account, was born in a cabin in Owsley County, just over the county line from Breathitt County, on August 18, 1886. At age sixteen he left home for Berea, where he studied for seven years. He worked on the Berea College farm and graduated in 1904 from Berea's vocational school (having studied woodworking). In 1904 The Historical Register lists him as teaching in Booneville and living in Berea. By 1907 he had completed the two-year course at the Berea Academy, and then spent two more years taking college classes at Berea. He transferred to Kentucky Wesleyan College and graduated there as Valedictorian in 1911. While attending Vanderbilt the following year on a scholarship, he won the Founders Medal for oratory. Kentucky Wesleyan granted him a Doctor of Divinity degree in 1926. (Historical Register of Berea College, 1904, 1916; George Bain, biographical sketch)

In 1913 Combs was ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Between 1911 and 1928 he pastored three churches in Kentucky, including the First Methodist Church of Lexington. From 1928-1954 he pastored churches in North Carolina; in 1954 he was at Love's Methodist Church in Walkertown, North Carolina, according The Berea Alumnus (25:11).

During three of the years Combs spent at Berea, Prof. James Watt Raine, a Scot who began teaching English at Berea College in 1906, collected ballads from Berea students. (Raine's list of known contributors does not include G.R. Combs, but does include some Combs sources.) Although he may not have taken classes from Raine while he was at Berea, Combs had opportunity to realize that the songs he had taken for granted as a child were of interest to scholars. At some point he began to collect them himself. Carl Sandburg's 1927 collection, The American Songbag, cites G. R. Combs as the source of one version of "Red River Valley." Sandburg notes that "In a corner of his church study Mr. Combs has a collection of more than 300 mountaineer songs," and adds that "his singing of their ballads and ditties is quiet and convincing."

Series Description
  1 Manuscript Box

Occasionally Combs gives the name of an individual with the text of a ballad, but not the geographical region from which it came. Some, but not all, of these names can be found in the Historical Register of Berea College for 1916. At least one also appears in the Raine collection list of student informants. This suggests that most of the traditional ballads were collected while Combs was a student, and his notes on the history of those ballads was probably based on the work of Raine, and others.

Series II Religious Songs Box 1, cont.

Combs also collected a series of religious songs, most serious but some comic, which do not have names associated with them. These songs are labeled “white” or “negro” and identified by state. Many are from Mississippi, North Carolina, Virginia, South Carolina, and Tennessee, as well as Kentucky. This part of the collection may have been acquired after he left Kentucky and had opportunity as a Methodist minister to travel around the southern states and hear religious or semi-religious music drawn from both white and black gospel traditions, as well as some spirituals. They are untitled; we have listed them by first lines.

  1. When the Last Trump Shall Sound
  2. Joshary Down There in School 'en Leave Him Sumpthing
  3. Old Time Religion
  4. Sinners Will Cry
  5. You Must Be Born Again
  6. I Am Going to the Grove to Sleep
  7. When I was young an' a mourner like you
  8. Religion makes me happy, en' then I want to go
  9. Methodist, Methodist while I live
  10. Mathew, Mark, Luke and John, Saddle the cat . . .
  11. (name?), the King of the Jews
  12. Es I was goin' to Hickory Steeple
  13. Jesse Cole
  14. I've a long term heard the sun will be bleedin'
  15. Workin' all day in the cotton and the corn
  16. So-o glad! So-o glad!
  17. Satan's mad and I am glad
  18. Ole Satin's got an iron shoe
  19. Dere's one, dere's two, dere's three little angels
  20. Sinner I come to you by hebbins decree
  21. Rise mourner, rise and don't be ashamed
  22. Ain't that a mighty wonder
  23. Oh, whar shall I be when de great trumpet soun
  24. We are climbin' Jacobs ladder . . .For this work is nea done
  25. Yonder come chilun dressed in white
  26. Who's dat comin' all dressed in red
  27. If I could I really would-stan' on the rock where Moses stood
  28. There was a moanish lady, Lived in a moanish land . . . you shall be free
  29. Here's old Norah-Stick him in de bosom
  30. Adam was the first man that ever was invented
  31. A whale came along and he was a snorter
  32. God Almighty made an elephant
  33. God made de bee and de bee made honey
  34. Satin got mad an' said he wouldn't stay
  35. Some folks say that Cain killed Able
  36. Oh, my soul, my soul, I'm goin to rest
  37. [repeat] God made de bee and de bee made honey
  38. [repeat] Satin got mad an' said he wouldn't stay
  39. I am a highly educated man
  40. I got a crown, you got a crown
  41. I went into the wilderness, and I didn't go to stay
  42. Talk about me, Talk about you
  43. One day az I was walkin'
  44. Get ready chillum, les go home
  45. Dahuh's no hidin' place down dah-uh

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